LOS ANGELES CA, October 22 ( Dr Cyberspace ) — by Robert Bishop — Yes, there are 8 states that may legalize recreational marijuana in 2020. Some may also be poised to legalize medical marijuana. The first in alphabetical order is Arizona.
First — Arizona
Arizona is one of 33 states that already allows medical cannabis after voters approved Medical Marijuana Proposition 203 in 2010. The Arizona Marijuana Legalization Initiative, known as Proposition 205, was narrowly defeated in 2016.
There are currently three slightly different Marijuana Legalization Initiatives that could appear on the Arizona ballot on November 3, 2020. The first of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
One initiative would legalize the possession, consumption, cultivation, and sale of marijuana for adults who are at least 18 years of age. The ballot initiative would also provide for the immediate relief of prior charges for marijuana offenses. The ballot initiative would allocate revenue from the sales tax on marijuana, which could not exceed the state’s general sales tax, to school districts, charter schools, and state healthcare program Second Arkansas
Second — Arkansas
Arkansas also has legalized medical cannabis. The Arkansas Recreational Marijuana Initiative may appear on the ballot as a constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. Whether the Arkansas Recreational Marijuana Amendment of 2020 garners enough signatures to make the 2020 ballot remains to be seen. It will take only 89,151 valid signatures to get this initiated constitutional amendment certified for the 2020 ballot. The second of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
This measure would legalize marijuana use for residents 21 years of age and older. Short and to the point.
Third — Florida
Florida has fast-growing medical cannabis market since the Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, was passed in 2016. The same Initiative failed in 2014, but Florida voters passed the Constitutional Amendment in 2016 with 70% voting Yes.
The Florida Marijuana Legalization Initiative (#16-02) may appear on the Florida ballot as a constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. It will take 766,200 valid signatures to get on the 2020 ballot but chances look very good for passage. The third of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
The amendment would legalize possession of up to one ounce of marijuana by residents at least 21 years old. Residents would also be allowed to cultivate up to six plants per household, but only three or fewer plants could be mature or flowering.
The plants would need to be grown in “an enclosed, locked space,” and users would not be permitted to sell the plants they grow.
Under the amendment, marijuana would be treated like alcohol—it would be prohibited for residents under 21 years of age, consumers would need to show proof of age before purchasing marijuana from retail facilities, and it would be illegal for anyone to drive while impaired or under the influence of marijuana.
The amendment also outlines regulations for marijuana cultivation, retail marijuana sales, and manufacturing marijuana products.
Fourth — Mississippi
Mississippi currently has no medical marijuana program. There is ,however, a measure that may be on the 2020 ballot that would provide for a medical marijuana program in Mississippi.
The program would be under the direction of the Mississippi Department of Health. The Mississippi Marijuana Legalization Amendment may appear on the ballot in Mississippi as well. To get the amendment certified for the 2020 ballot requires 86,185 valid signatures. The fourth of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
The Amendment would legalize marijuana for persons aged 18 years old or older. Sponsors refer to the measure as The Mississippi Cannabis Freedom Act.
Fifth — Nebraska
Nebraska is another state without even a medical marijuana program. Past attempts to legalize medical marijuana have failed three times in Nebraska.
The Nebraska Cannabis Legalization Initiative may appear on the ballot in Nebraska as an initiated constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. The requirements to get an amendment certified for the 2020 ballot depend on the number of signatures gathered. However, the number of signatures required will be determined based on voter registration at the time of signature filing. It’s complicated. The fifth of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020
The object of the Nebraska Cannabis Initiative Petition is to amend the Constitution of Nebraska by adding a new section to Article XV which states that any person in the State of Nebraska has the right to use any plant in the genus Cannabis L. and any of the parts of such plant in the State of Nebraska. It’s hard not to like that description.
The measure would add a section to Article XV of the Nebraska Constitution. The following text would be added:
(1) Any person in the State of Nebraska has the right to use any plant in the genus Cannabis L. and any of the parts of such plant in the State of Nebraska.
(2) The right to use any plant in the genus Cannabis L. and any of the parts of such plant shall include,
(a) noncommercial personal possession, consumption, production, and distribution by persons twenty one years of age and older,
(b) commercial possession, consumption, production, and distribution, and
(c) noncommercial personal possession and consumption by a person under twenty-one years of age with written permission from a parent or legal guardian and a written recommendation from a licensed health care practitioner.
(3) Any laws and ordinances in the State and all other ordinance-making bodies or political subdivisions in this State that conflicts with the application of this section will be considered null and void. Nothing in this section shall allow a person to engage in conduct that endangers others.
(4) If any portion, clause, or phrase of this section is, for any reason, held to be invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining portions, clauses, and phrases shall not be affected, but shall remain in full force and effect.
Voters have a chance to vote and make this Amendment the law.
Sixth — New Jersey
New Jersey Marijuana Legalization Amendment may appear on the New Jersey ballot as a constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020.
In New Jersey, voters don’t determine if the state legislature refers a constitutional amendment to the ballot. It is up to the legislature to put it on the ballot then voters take over. The sixth of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020
The ballot measure would legalize the recreational use of marijuana.
Seventh — North Dakota
North Dakota Marijuana Legalization Initiative may appear on North Dakota ballot as a constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. The number of valid signatures required to get a constitutional amendment on the ballot is determined by the 2020 census.
The number of valid signatures from 2012 through 2018 was 26,904 so it will be somewhere close. This measure would legalize marijuana use for residents 21 years of age and older and allow a person to possess, grow, process, or transport up to 12 cannabis plants for personal use. The seventh of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
This initiated measure would add a new section to Article I of the North Dakota Constitution. The new section would provide that it would be lawful for a person to possess, grow, process, or transport 12 cannabis plants for personal use.
It would provide that it would be lawful to consume cannabis, provided the cannabis is not consumed openly in public other than as provided by law, and it would be lawful to transfer cannabis as prescribed by law to another person without payment.
Additionally, it would require the legislature to prescribe by law a manner to license and regulate the commercial sale of cannabis and would provide that it is unlawful to sell or transfer cannabis to any person under the age of 21 unless for medical purposes as prescribed by law.
Eighth — South Dakota
South Dakota Marijuana and Hemp Initiative may appear on South Dakota ballot as constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. To get the amendment certified for the 2020 ballot requires 33,921 valid signatures.
The measure would legalize the recreational use of marijuana. It would require the legislature to pass laws providing for the use of medical marijuana and the sale of hemp by April 1, 2022.
An amendment to the South Dakota Constitution to Iegalize, regulate, and tax marijuana; and to require the Legislature to pass laws regarding hemp as well as laws ensuring access to marijuana for medical use.
The ballot explanation for this measure is as follows:
This constitutional amendment legalizes the possession, use, transport, and distribution of marijuana and marijuana paraphernalia by people age 21 and older. Individuals may possess or distribute one ounce or less of marijuana.
Marijuana plants and marijuana produced from those plants may also be possessed under certain conditions. The amendment authorizes the State Department of Revenue (“Department”) to issue marijuana-related licenses for commercial cultivators and manufacturers, testing facilities, wholesalers, and retailers.
Local governments may regulate or ban the establishment of licensees within their jurisdictions.
The Department must enact rules to implement and enforce this amendment. The amendment requires the Legislature to pass laws regarding medical use of marijuana.
The amendment does not legalize hemp; it requires the Legislature to pass laws regulating the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp. The amendment imposes a 15% tax on marijuana sales.
The tax revenue will be used for the Department’s costs incurred in implementing this amendment, with remaining revenue equally divided between the support of public schools and the State general fund.
Judicial clarification of the amendment may be necessary. The amendment legalizes some substances that are considered felony controlled substances under current State law. Marijuana remains illegal under Federal law.
That’s the eighth of 8 States That May Legalize Recreational Marijuana in 2020.
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